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Bahrain: Archaeological discovery that talks Christian history

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Bahrain’s Culture and Antiquities Authority (BACA) announced an important archaeological discovery, the first-of-its-kind to constitute a missing link that will contribute to a better understanding of Christian history in the Kingdom of Bahrain.

The site of the excavation consists of a high hill located in the center of the tomb of Samaheej topped by the remains of a small mosque known as “Sheikh Malik Mosque”, probably dating from the 17th century, and below it is the Christian building.

The archaeological discovery is a large building 17 meters long and 10 meters wide, which may have been part of a monastery or large house.

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Many broken pottery vessels were also found used in storing wine, it is, therefore, possible that these Christians were part of the Nestorian Church, which probably flourished in the Gulf between the 5th and 7th centuries.


The archaeological findings were found during the excavations of a Bahraini-British team led by Timothy Insole and Rachel McLean from the University of Exeter and Salman Almahari from Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities in Samaheej area in Muharraq.

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