A new viral infection which affects young children has emerged in India, prompting health authorities to issue a health advisory as Tomato Flu cases passed 100 last week.
“Tomato fever or tomato flu is a disease mainly endemic to Kerala, India. The outbreak was identified in Kollam, Kerala, on May 6, 2022. However, recent reports suggest that it has spread to other states like Odisha and Tamil Nadu [in India],” said Dr. Deepak Gandhi, Specialist Pediatrician at Dubai’s Medeor Hospital.
In a study published in the Lancet Respiratory Journal last week, doctors said that the flu was first identified in India’s Kollam district of Kerala on May 6 and that as of July 26, over 82 children under the age of five were infected with the Tomato Flu, according to local government hospital data.
The endemic viral illness then triggered an alert in the neighbouring states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Following this, an additional 26 children between the ages of one and nine were reported as having the disease in Odisha.
As of now, no other regions in India have been affected by the virus.
The Tomato Flu virus, which spreads via close contact, gets its name from the round red blisters that develop on the body upon infection. Its symptoms are fever, joint pain, and red, tomato-like rashes usually seen in children below the age of five years. It is also accompanied by other symptoms like diarrhoea, dehydration, nausea and vomiting, and fatigue.
The doctors said the virus mainly affects preschool children and infants, adding that young children are most vulnerable to the disease as it is highly contagious. “The disease is not considered to be life-threatening,” said Gandhi.
The doctors advised maintaining a distance from suspected cases and maintaining good hygiene to help prevent infection. “If children develop symptoms, they should be isolated, and the things they touch, including bedding and clothing, must be regularly sanitized,” Gandhi said.